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When the bank comes to you: Branch network and customer omnichannel banking behavior

Country : Singapore
Department : Singapore Management University
Project Title : When the bank comes to you: Branch network and customer omnichannel banking behavior
Researcher : ZHOU, Mi , GENG, Dan , ABHISHEK, Vibhanshu , LI, Beibei
Keyword : branch network , branch openings , branch closures , online banking , omnichannel , propensity score matching , difference in differences , Computer Sciences , Finance and Financial Management , Operations and Supply Chain Management , Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering
Publisher : Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University
Year End : 2020
Identifier : https://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sis_research/5973 , https://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=6976&context=sis_research
Source : Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems
Abstract / Description :

Banks today have been increasingly reducing their physical presence and redirecting customers to digital channels, and yet, the consequences of this strategy are not well studied. This paper investigates the effects of banks' branch network changes (i.e., branch openings and branch closures) on customer omnichannel banking behavior. Using approximately 0.85 million (33 months') anonymized individual-level banking transactions from a large commercial bank in the United States, this paper shows the asymmetric effects of branch openings and branch closures on customer omnichannel banking behavior. In particular, we find that branch openings increase customers' branch transactions; however, the first branch opening leads to a migration of complex transactions to the branches, which might result in a net decrease in online banking in the short term. As consumers interact more with the physical channel, there is a gradual synergistic increase in customers' transactions via online banking as well as alternative channels due to a learning spillover effect. The learning spillover effect goes from easy online inquiries to more complex online transactions as additional branches open. On the contrary, branch closures result in a favorable migration pattern from the branch channel to online banking. This pattern, however, could be reversed once the last branch closes within the customer's residential neighborhood. Our study teases out the underlying mechanisms that drive customer omnichannel banking behavior in the context of branch openings and branch closures, and discusses the managerial implications for branch network restructuring and banking channel management.

References

ZHOU, Mi and others / et al. (2020). When the bank comes to you: Branch network and customer omnichannel banking behavior.  Singapore: Singapore Management University.
ZHOU, Mi and others / et al. 2020. "When the bank comes to you: Branch network and customer omnichannel banking behavior".  Singapore: Singapore Management University.
ZHOU, Mi and others / et al. "When the bank comes to you: Branch network and customer omnichannel banking behavior."  Singapore: Singapore Management University, 2020. Print.
ZHOU, Mi and others / et al. When the bank comes to you: Branch network and customer omnichannel banking behavior. Singapore: Singapore Management University; 2020.

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